A well-made cup of hot tea can warm the heart and soul of any tea lover, but it can be unpleasantly bitter or disappointingly tasteless when improperly steeped. To make tea just right, follow these steps.
Step 1:Pre-heat your teacup
This will prevent the steeping water from dropping in temperature as soon as it is poured in. Add a little boiling water to the individual cups (ceramic and porcelain cups retain heat well). Let the water stand until the cup is warm, then pour out the water and proceed immediately to the next step.
Step 2:Put the tea in the bottom of the cup
You can use a tea bag or 1-2 teaspoons (3-5g)of your desired flavor of tea.
Step 3:Add hot water and Wash Tea
Pour it over the tea. Use an amount in proportion to the quantity of tea you’ve added (eg. 5 cups of water for 5 teaspoons of tea). The ideal water temperature varies based on the type of tea being steeped. The more oxidized (fermented) the tea (e.g. black tea) the hotter the water should be, whereas less oxidized teas (white, green) should be steeped in water that isn’t as hot.
- White or green teas (full leaf): Well below boiling (170-185 F or 76-85 C).When the water boils, turn off the heat and let the water cool for 30 seconds for white tea and 60 seconds for green tea before pouring it over the leaves.
- Oolongs (full leaf): 185-210 F or 85-98 C
- Black teas (full leaf): Water must be at a rolling boil (212 F or 100 C).The most common mistake is to steep black tea with water that is not hot enough, which can prevent the active substances in black tea from developing.
- Pu-erhs: Full rolling boil (212 F or 100 C).
Rinse the tea and dump the water
Step 4:Refill with Water and Steep for 1-3 minutes.
These teas can be reinfused up to two or even more times if the tea is particularly young, with your time parameters being adjusted to taste.
Let the tea steep. Cover with the cozy to retain warmth. Different teas require different steeping times. In general, whole-leaf tea should be steeped longer than broken-leaf tea.Check the box for guidance. If there are no instructions, steep for a minute or two, then taste frequently until it’s flavorful but not bitter.
- Oolong teas: 4-7 minutes
- Black teas: 3-5 minutes
- Green teas: 2-3 minutes
Step 5:Remove the tea leaves.
Get rid of the tea leaves in the pot (if you have a strainer or infuser) or pour the liquid into another vessel with a strainer to catch any tea leaves. Tuck the tea pot back inside a tea cozy if there is tea remaining in the pot after serving everyone. This helps keep the tea hot longer.